Setting up a Bind Server

Posted on 24 Feb 2015 by Eric Oestrich

I've done this a few times before, but everytime I forget how to do it and refinding the information is generally a time consuming process. Below is the bind configuration I have for a local DNS server.

/etc/bind/named.conf.local
zone "example.com" {
  type master;
  file "/etc/bind/db.example.com";
};

Make sure the domain inside of the first line zone "example.com" { is spell correctly. I spent a good deal of time trying to figure out why a domain was not being loaded and it was just a simple spelling error.

/etc/bind/db.starbas.es
;
; BIND data file for example.com
;
$TTL    604800
@       IN      SOA     ns.example.com. root.example.com. (
                     2015022001         ; Serial
                         604800         ; Refresh
                          86400         ; Retry
                        2419200         ; Expire
                         604800 )       ; Negative Cache TTL
        IN      A       192.168.1.2
;
@       IN      NS      ns.example.com.
@       IN      A       192.168.1.2
ns      IN      A       192.168.1.2

host    IN      A       192.168.1.4
alias   IN      CNAME   host.example.com.

Make sure the serial number increments each time the file changes. I use the date plus a number "01" that increments. I use two digits because I tend to edit it a lot when first figuring things out.

The line with "SOA" should have your nameserver and the an email address that has a period instead of the "@" sign. The other numbers I took from the example file.

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