Trying out WebMachine

Posted on 05 Sep 2012 by Eric Oestrich

Yesterday I tried out webmachine-ruby. Overall it left a good impression on me. One thing I really liked was the separation of a single resource and a collection resource.

App = Webmachine::Application.new do |app|
  app.routes do
    add ["orders"], OrdersResource
    add ["orders", :id], OrderResource
  end
end

Any call to "/orders" will go to the OrdersResource, since you're acting on a collection, and any call with an "id" in it will go to the single resource.

I also really liked the idea of callbacks on a resource. To point out one, in order to get a resource to respond to a certain method, you add it to the #allowed_methods:

class OrderResource 
  def allowed_methods
    ["GET", "POST"]
  end

  def content_types_provided
    [["application/json", :to_json]]
  end
end

The #content_types_provided callback will call #to_json if it sees "application/json".

One pretty big issue I faced was a lack of examples on how to use its statemachine. The example apps listed only do GET and POST requests but there wasn't an example on how do DELETE or PUT something. Luckily I had access to someone who has used it before and could help me with the issues I came across. I'm hoping this example app can be of use to someone else looking into WebMachine.

My resulting example app is here as a gist and I've embedded the main app file.

require 'webmachine'
require 'webmachine/adapters/rack'
require 'json'

class Order
  attr_accessor :id, :email, :date

  DB = {}

  def self.all
    DB.values
  end

  def self.find(id)
    DB[id]
  end

  def self.next_id
    DB.keys.max.to_i + 1
  end

  def self.delete_all
    DB.clear
  end

  def to_json(options = {})
    %email
  end

  def initialize(attrs = {})
    attrs.each do |attr, value|
      send("#{attr}=", value) if respond_to?(attr)
    end
  end

  def save(id = nil)
    self.id = id || self.class.next_id
    DB[self.id] = self
  end

  def destroy
    DB.delete(id)
  end
end

class JsonResource < Webmachine::Resource
  def content_types_provided
    [["application/json", :to_json]]
  end

  def content_types_accepted
    [["application/json", :from_json]]
  end

  private
  def params
    JSON.parse(request.body.to_s)
  end
end

class OrdersResource < JsonResource
  def allowed_methods
    ["GET", "POST"]
  end

  def to_json
    {
      :orders => Order.all
    }.to_json
  end

  def create_path
    @id = Order.next_id
    "/orders/#@id"
  end

  def post_is_create?
    true
  end

  private
  def from_json
    order = Order.new(params).save(@id)
  end
end

class OrderResource < JsonResource
  def allowed_methods
    ["GET", "DELETE", "PUT"]
  end

  def id
    request.path_info[:id].to_i
  end

  def delete_resource
    Order.find(id).destroy
    true
  end

  def to_json
    order = Order.find(id)
    order.to_json
  end

  private
  def from_json
    order = Order.new(params)
    order.save(id)
  end
end

App = Webmachine::Application.new do |app|
  app.routes do
    add ["orders"], OrdersResource
    add ["orders", :id], OrderResource
    add ['trace', '*'], Webmachine::Trace::TraceResource
  end
end
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Eric Oestrich
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